Rachel Whiteread, one of the pre-eminent sculptors of her generation, was born in London 1963. She studied painting at Brighton Polytechnic from 1982 - 85, and sculpture at Slade School of Art, London, from 1985 - 87.
Whiteread uses industrial materials such as plaster, concrete, resin, rubber and metal to cast everyday objects and architectural space, from the spaces around or within furniture to the interiors of entire rooms. She was the first woman to win the Turner Prize in 1993 for House, a concrete cast of the interior of a condemned terraced house in London's East End, which still remains one of her most controversial and poignant works. In 1997 she represented Britain at the Venice Biennale and was awarded the prize for best young artist. Whiteread was appointed a CBE in 2006.
Major commissions around the world include Holocaust Memorial, Vienna, the cast interior of a library, including the imprint of books, which was installed in Judenplatz in 2000. In 2001 she presented a clear resin cast of the empty plinth for the Fourth Plinth Project in Trafalgar Square, London. Embankment, which consisted of some 14,000 casts of the inside of cardboard boxes, was installed in Tate Modern's Turbine Hall in 2005. Three years later she exhibited 200 dollhouses, collected over the past 20 years, for an exhibition at the Hayward Gallery, London. This sculptural work is now on display at the V&A Museum of Childhood, London.
Her work has been the subject of solo exhibitions at museums including, Museo d'Arte Moderna di Bologna, Bologna (2014); Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (2010) travelled to Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas and Tate Britain, London; Museum of Fine Arts Boston (2008); Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro (2004); Serpentine Gallery, London (2001) travelled to Scottish National Gallery, Edinburgh; Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin (2001) travelled to Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York and Guggenheim Museum Bilbao; Tate Liverpool (1996) travelled to Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; Kunsthalle Basel (1994).
The most substantial survey of Whiteread's work to date was presented at Tate Britian, London in 2017 and will tour to National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. (2018) and 21er Haus, Vienna (2019).
Her work is held in museum collections worldwide including Tate, London; Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven; Staatliches Museum Schwerin, Schwerin; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Yale Center for British Art, Connecticut; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C.; Museum of Fine Arts Boston; and San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Rachel Whiteread lives and works in London.